Montessori pedagogy
general information about Montessori Approach

Montessori Pedagogy is based on obeservations and discovery of Maria Montessori. After many hours of observing them she prepared activities that help every child in their development. She discovered that if children work in a carefully prepared environment, they are more concentrated and have better self-control.
Didactic tools that we in montessori name »materials« Montessori designed (and are still designed in this ways today) to help the development of the mind, concentration, coordination, independence, socializing and  sense of order. Environment enables the child to develop awarness of others in a natual, sponatneous way.
The room is divided into basic areas: language, practical life, art, gross and fine motor for younger children and science and math for children above 3 years of age.
To understand the curriculum let's see the details of the environment. The room is usually spacious. There are low open shelves, tables of various sizes by which one to four children can comfortably sit. Traditional montessori classes are mixed of at least three different age groups.
The class is usually divied into areas with shelves. Every area contains »materials«. This is the montessori term for didactic tools for a certain  area of the curriculum (art, math, language, etc.) Materials have their own permanent place on shelves. Children always return them to the same place, where they are prepared for another child. We nurture the sensibility for the group and respect for needs of others.
You can recognize the method by the peacefullnes of children, the individual approach and the fact that children learn to write, read and do math themselves by working with the materials.
The aim of the approach as well as the method is learning for life. Child works in a respectful environment, freedom and responsibility. The method includes selfmotivation, selfdiscipline, selfdiscovery – a remarkable ability of children to develop their own potential, independence, systematic approach to solving problems, acquiring knowledge and skills and at the same time nurtures the joy of learning.
The educational montessori approach combines two: psychology and philosophy of child's growth and principles of guiding this development. It is based on child's developmental needs for freedom inside certain boundaries and carefully prepared environment. The prepared environmet offers the child opportunities to work with materials and gain experience, which develop their mind as well as physical and spiritual competence. It is designed to fully encourage child's selfmotivation and ability to develop their hidden competences.
A child living in the montessori environment is more prepared for the future development of intellectual skills. In the prepared anvironment they have learnt to work on their own. Here he is happily living and working with others. Maria Montessori acknowledged the only authentic impulse for learning is selfmotivation.
Children are enclined to learn. The teacher prepares the environment, guides the activities, encourages children, yet the child is the one learning and is motivated by the activity enough to persist in it.
If the child is willing to learn, it is because he gained the »inner discipline« - with the help of outer as well as inner order. This is the core of the montessori philosopy. By experiencing concentration, persistance, meticulousness, thoroughness in early childhood we help the child to become confident, capable future learner. Maria Montessori showed children how to work with enthusiasm in the early years and provided a frame for the intellectual and social discipline to work hand in hand.
Each age group needs to fulfill specific demands. Maria Montessori formed the following age groups:
0-3
3-6
6-12
12-18."

Irrespectively of the age of the child, there are three componnents of the education: child, teacher and prepared environment.